Providing valuable information about the health and wellbeing of the population and helping policy makers and service providers identify areas where interventions are most needed.
Population health is a key theme in the ongoing effort to tackle health inequalities. Programmes addressing food, physical activity, women’s health, health of refugees and asylum seekers, mental health and employment remain key priorities in the Public Health landscape. Public Health Institute provides expert research to inform the delivery and development of interventions and services.
We use a range of research methodologies, including evaluations, systematic review, audits, needs assessments and Social Return on Investment, to provide evidence to inform effective commissioning.
Population health Case Studies
Exploring the acceptability of a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages
Evidence has suggested that placing a tax on sugary drinks could reduce consumption and reduce levels of obesity. The North West Directors of Public Health developed the healthy weight collaborative ‘Food Active’, who commissioned this report to explore the acceptability …
Publications for Population health
Papers for Population health
The impact of adverse childhood experiences on health service use across the life course using a retrospective cohort study.
Mark Bellis, Professor Karen Hughes, Katie Hardcastle, Kat Ford, Dr Zara Quigg, Alisha Davies
JOURNAL OF HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH & POLICY, 22(3), 168-177. doi:10.1177/1355819617706720, 2017.
Abstract: The lifelong health impacts of adverse childhood experiences are increasingly being identified, including earlier and more frequent development of non-communicable disease. Our aim was to examine whether adverse childhood experiences are related to increased use of primary, emergency and in-patient care and at what ages such impact is apparent.
Does continuous trusted adult support in childhood impart life-course resilience against adverse childhood experiences – a retrospective study on adult health-harming behaviours and mental well-being.
BMC PSYCHIATRY, 17, 12 pages. doi:10.1186/s12888-017-1260-z, 2017.
Abstract: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) including child abuse and household problems (e.g. domestic violence) increase risks of poor health and mental well-being in adulthood. Factors such as having access to a trusted adult as a child may impart resilience against developing such negative outcomes. How much childhood adversity is mitigated by such resilience is poorly quantified. Here we test if access to a trusted adult in childhood is associated with reduced impacts of ACEs on adoption of health-harming behaviours and lower mental well-being in adults.
Violence-related ambulance call-outs in the North West of England: a cross-sectional analysis of nature, extent and relationships to temporal, celebratory and sporting events.
Dr Zara Quigg, Dr Ciara McGee, Professor Karen Hughes, Simon Russell, Mark Bellis
EMERGENCY MEDICINE JOURNAL, 34(6), 364-369. doi:10.1136/emermed-206081, 2017.
Abstract: To explore the potential of ambulance call-out data in understanding violence to inform prevention activity.