Providing intelligence, evaluation and research across a range of sexual and reproductive health related topics to support policy and service planning.
Public Health Institute provides enhanced HIV surveillance for the North West of England, by means of annual reports and an interactive online primary care trust and local authority database. This intelligence along with interactive tools, themed intelligence work and specific data requests is used to plan HIV services and prevention work across the North West of England.
PHI conducts service evaluations, original research and consultancy on a range of subjects including contraception, adolescents’ health, teenage pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, and sex and relationship education at national and international level. Recent work has also included local rapid sexual health needs assessments, enhanced surveillance of sexually transmitted infections, evaluation of sexual adolescents’ SRH programme in Nepal, evaluations of sex and relationship education and young people’s health and wellbeing programmes and original research examining the links between teenage pregnancy and alcohol use
Sexual and reproductive health Case Studies
Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)
A growing body of research is revealing the long-term impacts that experiences and events during childhood have on individuals’ life chances. Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) such as abuse, neglect and dysfunctional home environments have been shown to be associated with …
Publications for Sexual and reproductive health
Papers for Sexual and reproductive health
The contribution of female community health volunteers (FCHVs) to maternity care in Nepal: a qualitative study.
Sarita Panday, Paul Bissell, Edwin van Teijlingen, Professor Padam Simkhada
BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 17, 11 pages. doi:10.1186/s12913-017-2567-7, 2017.
Abstract In resource-poor settings, the provision of basic maternity care within health centres is often a challenge. Despite the difficulties, Nepal reduced its maternal mortality ratio by 80% from 850 to an estimated 170 per 100,000 live births between 1991 and 2011 to achieve Millennium Development Goal Five. One group that has been credited for this is community health workers, known as Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHVs), who form an integral part of the government healthcare system. This qualitative study explores the role of FCHVs in maternal healthcare provision in two regions: the Hill and Terai.
Preeti Mahato, Edwin van Teijlingen, Professor Padam Simkhada, Zoe Sheppard, Ram Chandra Silwal
Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare, 13, 91-96. doi:10.1016/j.srhc.2017.07.002, 2017.
Abstract In Nepal, both percentage of women giving birth at health facility and proportion of birth assisted by skilled birth attendant is very low. The purpose of this research was to identify predictors for choice of place of birth: either at home, primary health care facility (including birthing centres) or at tertiary health care facilities (hospitals and clinics).
Ak Narayan Poudel, David Newlands, Professor Padam Simkhada
BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 17, 13 pages. doi:10.1186/s12913-017-1976-y, 2017.
Abstract There have been only limited studies assessing the economic burden of HIV/AIDS in terms of direct costs, and there has been no published study related to productivity costs in Nepal. Therefore, this study explores in detail the economic burden of HIV/AIDS, including direct costs and productivity costs. This paper focuses on the direct costs of seeking treatment, productivity costs, and related factors affecting direct costs, and productivity costs.