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Suresh Joshi, Professor Padam Simkhada, Gordon Prescott
BMC INTERNATIONAL HEALTH AND HUMAN RIGHTS, 11, 10 pages. doi:10.1186/1472-698X-11-3, 2011.
Abstract Nepal is one of the largest suppliers of labour to countries where there is a demand for cheap and low skilled workers. In the recent years the Gulf countries have collectively become the main destinations for international migration. This paper aims to explore the health problems and accidents experienced by a sample of Nepalese migrant in three Gulf countries.
‘It’s breaking quite big social taboos’ violence against women and girls and self-defense training in Nepal
Kay Standing, Sara Parker, Sapana Bista
Women's Studies International Forum Volume 64, Pages 51-58, September, 2017.
Abstract Given the increased vulnerability to, and rise in reports of, sexual violence in post-disaster situations this article seeks to explore the role of self-defense programmes as a response to addressing violence against women and girls. It draws on the authors' experience of post-earthquake Nepal in 2015. We argue that self-defense training can play a crucial role in challenging normative gender roles, raising confidence and self-esteem in girls and women during and post disaster, and call for further research to take place at the local level to explore this important issue further.
Identifying the gaps in Nepalese migrant workers’ health and well-being: a review of the literature.
Professor Padam Simkhada, Pramod Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Nirmal Aryal
JOURNAL OF TRAVEL MEDICINE, 24(4), 9 pages. doi:10.1093/jtm/tax021, 2017.
Abstract The health and well-being of migrant workers from low-income countries is often neglected in travel medicine. This article uses Nepal as a case study to highlight key issues affecting this particular group of international travellers.
Reflexivity, positionality and power in cross-cultural participatory action research with research assistants in rural Cambodia
Education Action Research, Pages 1-15 | Received 25 Nov 2016, Accepted 12 May 2017, Published online: 05 Jun, 2017.
Abstract: This paper draws on the experiences of a doctoral student undertaking a cross-cultural, cross-language participatory action research (PAR) project in rural Cambodia. Cambodia is a largely Buddhist country with a complex history of religion, invasion, colonisation, war and oppression. Despite a democratic constitution, political control and fear of challenging authority are ever present; and all had an impact on the participation and development of this project. I recruited eight volunteer community health workers (CHWs) and two research assistants (RAs) with an aim to explore methods and challenges faced when trying to improve health with and for community members. Over eight participatory workshops and a two-day training session CHWs identified, implemented and reflected on solutions to community health problems. Simultaneously, the RAs and I reflected on the processes and challenges we faced. Creating opportunity for reflexivity allowed for discussion to emerge around culture, position and power and how these were impacting on the research process and outcomes. Established social hierarchical power structures in Cambodia presented challenges to undertaking a PAR project with emancipatory and social change aims. Such structures also impacted on the ability and readiness of participants to be critical and analytical. The importance of the RAs as cultural navigators and the necessity of embracing their situated knowledge as both an insider and outsider is a key finding.
In PUBLIC HEALTH Vol. 145 (pp. 39-44). W B SAUNDERS CO LTD. doi:10.1016/j.puhe.12.031, 2017.
Abstract The 2015 earthquake in Nepal killed over 8000 people, injured more than 21,000 and displaced a further 2 million. One year later, a national workshop was organized with various Nepali stakeholders involved in the response to the earthquake. The workshop provided participants an opportunity to reflect on their experiences and sought to learn lessons from the disaster.
Pramod Regmi, Folashade Alloh, Puspa Pant, Professor Padam Simkhada, Edwin van Teijlingen
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 360 PARK AVE SOUTH, NEW YORK, NY 10010-1710 USA, 904-905, 2017.
Ak Narayan Poudel, David Newlands, Professor Padam Simkhada
BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 17, 13 pages. doi:10.1186/s12913-017-1976-y, 2017.
Abstract There have been only limited studies assessing the economic burden of HIV/AIDS in terms of direct costs, and there has been no published study related to productivity costs in Nepal. Therefore, this study explores in detail the economic burden of HIV/AIDS, including direct costs and productivity costs. This paper focuses on the direct costs of seeking treatment, productivity costs, and related factors affecting direct costs, and productivity costs.
In Journal of Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences University (Vol. 11, Iss. 3, pp. 260-262)., 2016.
Abstract Establishing an effective global health research collaboration requires significant organisation and planning. This editorial introduces the launch of our new research collaboration. It highlights the processes and some of the key issues taken into consideration when setting up such a collaboration. In July 2016, a group of 16 researchers from India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Nigeria and the United Kingdom (UK) met at Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU) to initiate the 'Global Consortium on Public Health Research'. The meeting was funded by LJMU's Public Health Institute.
Ak Narayan Poudel, David Newlands, Professor Padam Simkhada
Health Prospect, 15(2), 5-10., 2016.
Abstract The main aim of this paper is to explore the issues and problems along with possible solutions to conduct sensitive research, specifically research related to HIV/AIDS in Nepal. This paper is based on observation, information and experience obtained during research entitled, “The Economic Burden of HIV/AIDS upon Households in Nepal’ and literature reviews. There are many issues and problems in conducting sensitive research. Major issues and problems are- adherence to research ethics, use of research design and sampling, and recruitment of respondents in research. The paper concluded that research on sensitive topics like HIV/AIDS is very challenging and researchers need to strictly follow ethical procedures. Maintenance of anonymity and confidentiality are the key factors for encouraging participants to become involved in such sensitive research. Similarly, a mix of qualitative and quantitative methods help to understand the complex situations encountered during sensitive research. A non-probability sampling method is preferred over other methods of sampling in such research because there is often a problem of establishing a sampling frame in populations. Similarly, support from staff from government hospitals and NGOs is crucial if people living with HIV/AIDS are to be involved in the research. The issue of incentives is a highly discussed topic in sensitive research. But, it has been concluded that incentives especially in the monetary form should not be provided in order to avoid response bias and ethical conflicts.
Health Prospect: Journal of Public Health, 111(15)., 2016.
Abstract The notion that health professionals should be accountable to people and the society they serve is not a new concept (1). Globally, health professionals are being nudged to demonstrate their commitment with continuing professional development (CPD) in order to maintain competence in light of evidence-based practice and ever changing technology in health service provision. CPD provides an important strategy to improve the knowledge and skills of health practitioners as well as the quality of service (2). The World Health Organization also stresses the need to capacity enhancement of nurses and midwives through education, training and career development in Southeast Asia (3). The member states in the Region have agreed on a Decade for Strengthening Human Resources for Health in South-East Asia, 2015–2024, and country action plans have been developed to strengthen physicians, nurses and midwives with the focus on transforming education and retention (4). This editorial highlights the importance of CPD and existing lack of such provision in the field of nursing in Nepal.