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In PUBLIC HEALTH Vol. 145 (pp. 39-44). W B SAUNDERS CO LTD. doi:10.1016/j.puhe.12.031, 2017.
Abstract The 2015 earthquake in Nepal killed over 8000 people, injured more than 21,000 and displaced a further 2 million. One year later, a national workshop was organized with various Nepali stakeholders involved in the response to the earthquake. The workshop provided participants an opportunity to reflect on their experiences and sought to learn lessons from the disaster.
Steps Towards Alcohol Misuse Prevention Programme (STAMPP): A school- and community-based cluster randomised controlled trial.
Professor Harry Sumnall, Ashley Agus, Jon Cole, Paul Doherty, David Foxcroft, Séamus Harvey, Andrew Percy
Public Health Research, 2017.
Abstract: Alcohol use in young people remains a public health concern, with adverse impacts on outcomes such as health, well-being, education and relationships.
Does continuous trusted adult support in childhood impart life-course resilience against adverse childhood experiences – a retrospective study on adult health-harming behaviours and mental well-being.
BMC PSYCHIATRY, 17, 12 pages. doi:10.1186/s12888-017-1260-z, 2017.
Abstract: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) including child abuse and household problems (e.g. domestic violence) increase risks of poor health and mental well-being in adulthood. Factors such as having access to a trusted adult as a child may impart resilience against developing such negative outcomes. How much childhood adversity is mitigated by such resilience is poorly quantified. Here we test if access to a trusted adult in childhood is associated with reduced impacts of ACEs on adoption of health-harming behaviours and lower mental well-being in adults.
Pramod Regmi, Folashade Alloh, Puspa Pant, Professor Padam Simkhada, Edwin van Teijlingen
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 360 PARK AVE SOUTH, NEW YORK, NY 10010-1710 USA, 904-905, 2017.
Prevalence and risk factors for hepatitis C viral infection amongst a cohort of irish drug users attending a drug treatment centre for agonist opioid treatment (AOT).
Professor Marie Claire Van Hout, David Keegan, Des Crowley, E Laird
Heroin Addiction and Related Clinical Problems, 19(1), 47-56., 2017.
Abstract Background: Injecting drug use (IDU) is a major driver of the European hepatitis C virus (HCV) epidemic. National data on prevalence of HCV amongst Irish drug users remains confined to certain treatment sites and prison settings. Aim: To examine the prevalence of HCV infection and risk factors associated with infection among the 228 patients attending agonist opioid treatment (AOT) in a clinic in Dublin. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using data collected from Health Research Board (HRB) forms and standardised written and electronic assessment forms routinely completed on treatment initiation. Results: The prevalence of HCV infection was 63.6% (n= 145) with no significant gender difference (p=0.717). Patients who were infected with HCV were older than those uninfected (41.1 ± 7.5 years versus 37.5 ± 8.5 years; p = 0.001), with prevalence significantly lower in younger adults (p=0.002). Multivariate analysis identified age of first drug use (p=0.002) and first injection (p=0.001), type of first drug used; cannabis (p=0.015), heroin (p=0.014) and cocaine (p=0.018) and early age of AOT entry (p=0.001) as the most significant risk factors for HCV infection in this cohort. Those with no IDU had decreased odds of being HCV positive by 91.1%. Conclusion: Data for this Irish sample indicates high prevalence of HCV infection, and the need to consider age of first drug onset and injecting use, particular drug types and earlier commencement of AOT to inform targeted HCV treatment and prevention interventions in Ireland. Prevalence and risk factors for hepatitis C viral infection amongst a cohort of irish drug users attending a drug treatment centre for agonist opioid treatment (AOT). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316507784_Prevalence_and_risk_factors_for_hepatitis_C_viral_infection_amongst_a_cohort_of_irish_drug_users_attending_a_drug_treatment_centre_for_agonist_opioid_treatment_AOT [accessed Nov 29 2017].
Violence-related ambulance call-outs in the North West of England: a cross-sectional analysis of nature, extent and relationships to temporal, celebratory and sporting events.
Dr Zara Quigg, Dr Ciara McGee, Professor Karen Hughes, Simon Russell, Mark Bellis
EMERGENCY MEDICINE JOURNAL, 34(6), 364-369. doi:10.1136/emermed-206081, 2017.
Abstract: To explore the potential of ambulance call-out data in understanding violence to inform prevention activity.
Ak Narayan Poudel, David Newlands, Professor Padam Simkhada
BMC HEALTH SERVICES RESEARCH, 17, 13 pages. doi:10.1186/s12913-017-1976-y, 2017.
Abstract There have been only limited studies assessing the economic burden of HIV/AIDS in terms of direct costs, and there has been no published study related to productivity costs in Nepal. Therefore, this study explores in detail the economic burden of HIV/AIDS, including direct costs and productivity costs. This paper focuses on the direct costs of seeking treatment, productivity costs, and related factors affecting direct costs, and productivity costs.
New drugs, new directions? Research priorities for new psychoactive substances and human enhancement drugs.
Caroline Chatwin, Fiona Measham, Kate OBrien, Professor Harry Sumnall
In INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DRUG POLICY (Vol. 40, pp. 1-5). ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV. doi:10.1016/j.drugpo.01.016, 2017.
Abstract: This special issue of the International Journal of Drug Policy focuses on ‘new drugs’, drawing on contributions to an Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) seminar series (https://newdrugseminars.wordpress.com). Most commonly, ‘new drugs’ are conceptualised as ‘new psychoactive substances’ (NPS) – chemical compounds that have been newly and recently created, although some were synthesised many years ago with new evidence of sale and use. Others have been designed to mimic the effects of existing illegal drugs such as cannabis, MDMA, cocaine, LSD and heroin, and originally emerged outside the confines of current national and international systems of drug control, also variously known as ‘designer drugs’, ‘synthetic drugs’ and/or ‘legal highs’ (Perrone, 2016).
Ongoing outbreak of invasive and non-invasive disease due to group A Streptococcus (GAS) type emm66 among homeless and people who inject drugs in England and Wales, January to December 2016
Nick Bundle, Laura Bubba, Juliana Coelho, Rachel Kwiatkowska, Rachel Cloke, Sarah King, Jill Rajan-lyer, Max Courtney-Pillinger, Charles R Beck, Professor Vivian Hope, Theresa Lamagni, Colin S Brown, Daiga Jermacane, Rachel Glass, Monica Desai, Maya Gobin, Sooria Balasegaram, Charlotte Anderson
Euro Surveill, 22, 2017.
Abstract: We report an outbreak of invasive and non-invasive disease due to an unusual type of Streptococcus pyogenes(group A Streptococcus, emm66) among a vulnerable, largely homeless population in southern England and Wales, detected in September 2016. Twenty-seven confirmed cases were subsequently identified between 5 January and 29 December 2016; 20 injected drugs and six reported problematic alcohol use. To date, we have ruled out drug-related vehicles of infection and identified few common risk factors.
New psychoactive substances (NPS) on cryptomarket fora: An exploratory study of characteristics of forum activity between NPS buyers and vendors.
Professor Marie Claire Van Hout, Evelyn Hearne
International Journal of Drug Policy, 40, 102-110. doi:10.1016/j.drugpo..11.007, 2016.
Abstract The continual diversification of new psychoactive substances (NPS) circumventing legislation creates a public health and law enforcement challenge, and one particularly challenged by availability on Hidden Web cryptomarkets.