Senior Lecturer in Public Health
areas of expertise
Ivan Gee is a Senior Lecturer in Public Health contributing to undergraduate and postgraduate teaching, PhD supervision and research projects.
Ivan has several research interests and in particular has conducted tobacco related research that has supported the development of the Smokefree 07 legislation in England and informed recent national advertising campaigns. Ivan is also interested in the impact of environmental exposures on health and the increasing public health problems associated with alcohol.
Ivan teaches a range of subjects but has particular responsibilities for teaching epidemiology, research methods, health protection and tobacco control on our MSc programmes. Ivan also contributes to teaching environmental issues, demographics, health protection and research methods on our BSc programme.
Ivan has successfully supervised a number of PhD students on a variety of topics generally using quantitative approaches and he has also examined PhD students from other institutions, most recently a PhD candidate from Aberdeen University studying exposures to second-hand smoke. He is a reviewer for many journals including Tobacco Control, Atmospheric Environment, Journal of Environmental Monitoring, Indoor & Built Environment, Science of the Total Environment, Chemosphere and Environment International.
In addition to the journal papers in the section below, Ivan has also contributed to the following:
Elkharam W., Khatri R., Wallymamed A.H., & Gee I. (2013) Knowledge of and Adherence to Health Advice among Adults with Diabetes in Libya, Ibnosina Journal of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences Vol 5, No 4 (In Press)
Dr Ivan Gee's Publications
Guernsey and Alderney Healthy Lifestyle Survey 2013
This report presents the findings of the 2013 Guernsey and Alderney Healthy Lifestyle Survey. It is the sixth in a series of healthy lifestyle surveys undertaken every five years in Guernsey since 1988 to inform the development of services to improve population health. The report was prepared by the Centre for Public Health and the Directorate of Public Health, Health and Social Services Department, Guernsey.
Measuring Exposure to Second Hand Smoke: Atmospheric monitoring and personal exposure measurements of hospitality workers in Liverpool
Research completed in conjunction with Liverpool City Council, measuring exposure to second hand smoke.
Attitudes and behaviour: smoking in hospitality premises in Liverpool
An attitude and behavioural survey to examine views of customers in hospitality premises towards smokefree public places and work places.
Dr Ivan Gee's Papers
Ibnosina Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Volume 5, No 3, pp 140-147, 2013.
Abstract: Background: Non-adherence to medical and health care advice is a common problem, though reasons for non-adherence can differ across different groups and societies as well as between individuals. Objective: to examine diabetes knowledge among people with both type1 and type2 diabetes in Libya and explore any other factors that enhance adherence to treatment and management of the condition. Methods: A cross-sectional survey design was used to collect data from adults with type 1 or type 2 diabetes who have been diagnosed for 12 months or more, in Benghazi Diabetes Centre, which is one of the oldest and largest diabetes registries in Libya. A total of 855 participants were asked to fill in two questionnaires; the Michigan Diabetes Knowledge Test to investigate the level of diabetes knowledge and the Confidence in diabetes Self-care Scale to assess self-efficacy. For the purpose of the study descriptive statistics and inferential statistical tests were conducted. Results: Diabetes knowledge is very poor especially among females and those classed as illiterate within the sample. The Mean HbA1c of 9.39 was higher than the recommended levels. Four variables namely knowledge about diabetes, duration of illness, family history and self-efficacy significantly predicted levels of HBA1c. Conclusion: Based on the above findings two different programmes of diabetes education would be recommended. The first programme of education would focus primarily on those with inadequate levels of knowledge about diabetes, particularly female and people with long duration diabetes. The second programme would be for both healthcare professionals and people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, which would consider the psychological factors that are involved in the process of diabetes management.
Dr Ivan Gee, Sean Semple, Adrian Watson, Andrea Crossfield
Tobacco Control Online First, 2012.
Tobacco control campaigns frequently make use of statistical and scientific information to inform the public and policy makers about the dangers of tobacco smoke. It is clearly crucial for the credibility of tobacco control programmes that accurate scientifically valid information is used in these campaign materials, and Siegel1 highlights the importance of ensuring that the evidence base of these materials is scientifically sound. In 2002, the British Medical Association produced a report on passive smoking that indicated: “Almost 85 per cent of secondhand smoke is in the form of invisible, odourless gases.”2 This referenced a US National …
The relationship between workers’ self-reported changes in health and their attitudes towards a workplace intervention: lessons from smoke-free legislation across the UK hospitality industry
Laura MacCalman, Sean Semple, Karen Galea, Martie van Tongeren, Scott Dempsey, Shona Hilton, Dr Ivan Gee, Jon Ayres
BMC Public Health, 12, p 324, 2012.
Abstract: Background: The evaluation of smoke-free legislation (SFL) in the UK examined the impacts on exposure to second-hand smoke, workers’ attitudes and changes in respiratory health. Studies that investigate changes in the health of groups of people often use self-reported symptoms. Due to the subjective nature it is of interest to determine whether workers’ attitudes towards the change in their working conditions may be linked to the change in health they report. Methods: Bar workers were recruited before the introduction of the SFL in Scotland and England with the aim of investigating their changes to health, attitudes and exposure as a result of the SFL. They were asked about their attitudes towards SFL and the presence of respiratory and sensory symptoms both before SFL and one year later. Here we examine the possibility of a relationship between initial attitudes and changes in reported symptoms, through the use of regression analyses. Results: There was no difference in the initial attitudes towards SFL between those working in Scotland and England. Bar workers who were educated to a higher level tended to be more positive towards SFL. Attitude towards SFL was not found to be related to change in reported symptoms for bar workers in England (Respiratory, p = 0.755; Sensory, p = 0.910). In Scotland there was suggestion of a relationship with reporting of respiratory symptoms (p = 0.042), where those who were initially more negative to SFL experienced a greater improvement in self-reported health. Conclusions: There was no evidence that workers who were more positive towards SFL reported greater improvements in respiratory and sensory symptoms. This may not be the case in all interventions and we recommend examining subjects’ attitudes towards the proposed intervention when evaluating possible health benefits using self-reported methods.