Research Assistant, Criminal Justice Team
areas of expertise
Petra Collins is a Research Assistant on the Criminal Justice team within PHI. Her main role is to provide detailed monthly reports on criminal justice and Drug Interventions Programme (DIP) data to Knowsley, Sefton and St Helens Drug and Alcohol Action Teams outlining all significant aspects of their performance and any emerging trends. Petra is also involved in criminal justice/ DIP/ drug treatment research at the Institute. Her qualifications include: MSc Health (Promotion, Policy and Research); BSc Health, Fitness and Leisure Studies.
Petra Collins's Publications
Criminal Justice Project: Drug Interventions Programme – Re-offending of clients testing positive for class A drugs across Merseyside
The Drug Interventions Programme (DIP) is a multi-agency initiative with an overarching aim to break the cycle of drug use and crime. DIP directs Class A drug using offenders towards appropriate treatment which incorporates a holistic support system to address both offending and drug use.
The main route into treatment is through a Required Assessment which is imposed by the police following a positive test for Class A drugs in the custody suite. Until mid-2015, Test on Arrest in Merseyside occurred when an adult was drug tested following an arrest for a trigger offence (i.e. theft, burglary). Merseyside Police rolled out a targeted testing approach in its custody suites which was fully implemented by August 2015, which involves a set of questions around drug use and offending that should be considered before a decision is made on whether the arrestee is drug tested. However, evidence suggests targeted testing may not be working effectively, as recent findings show a substantial reduction in the number of drug tests and drug using offenders coming into the treatment system.
The main aim of this report was to identify whether offenders who previously tested positive for Class A drugs in a Merseyside custody suite were no longer offending, or that they continued to offend but were not being drug tested. The report also investigated the impact of criminal justice interventions and DIP on offending by comparing the offending in the 12 months prior to and 12 months following a positive drug test.
Merseyside Annual DIP Report: DIP Activity (April 2014 – March 2015)
This report complements the existing monthly performance reports by providing an annual snapshot of the criminal justice data provided by the treatment agencies for the Drug Interventions Programme across Merseyside. It aims to provide the Merseyside Criminal Justice teams and commissioners with summary information regarding the characteristics of the clients accessing treatment between April 2014 and March 2015, detailing the route of entry to DIP, the demographic information captured during the assessment process, as well as information around assessment outcomes. This information should be used to assist stakeholders in targeting resources more effectively, particularly in the current climate of diminishing funding and increasing levels of client engagement.
DIP Merseyside Demographics Report 2013/14 (April 2013 – March 2014)
The main objective of the Drug Interventions Programme (DIP) is to identify and engage with drug using offenders in the criminal justice system (CJS) in order to channel them into appropriate treatment services. In line with research evidence it assumes that if this treatment is effective it will result in reduced drug use and therefore reduced levels of offending. This report aims to provide the Merseyside DIP teams and commissioners with summary information regarding the characteristics of the clients who were assessed between April 2011 and March 2014.