TIIG Project Lead
areas of expertise
Simon Russell has been with the Public Health Institute since summer 2006, has worked in various research roles within the Substance Use Team and is currently Project Lead for the Trauma and Injury Intelligence Group (TIIG). In addition to analysing data and producing various publications, Simon has a strategic role in managing relationships with external stakeholders and developing injury surveillance systems.
Simon has a BSc in Zoology, an MSc in Evolutionary Psychology and is in the process of completing his PhD, which applied evolutionary principles to prominent issues within the field of public health.
Simon Russell's Publications
TIIG Lancashire – Alcohol-related violence across Lancashire April 2013 to March 2016
Violence is a preventable public health problem and yet there are over one million violent incidents each year in England and Wales, approximately half of which involve alcohol and one quarter of which occur in night time economy environments. Between April 2013 and March 2016 there were 14,427 injury attendances to Lancashire Accident and Emergency Departments (AEDs) by residents of Lancashire for injuries sustained from violence. This TIIG Lancashire report presents data and analyses relating to alcohol-related violence; where data were recorded, alcohol was consumed prior to an assault attendance in 44% of incidents. This report presents AED attendances for violence across Lancashire in terms of demographics, area of residence, attendance rates and attendance information (including incident location, referral source, arrival mode and disposal method) between April 2013 and March 2016. Using alcohol-related data collected by two of the trusts, case studies are also provided for Chorley, Preston, South Ribble and West Lancashire local authorities.
TIIG Lancashire: Falls across Lancashire – April 2013 to March 2016
Falls are the second leading cause of death from accidents worldwide and adults aged over 65 years suffer the greatest number of fatal falls. Between April 2013 and March 2016 there were 63,398 ambulance call outs and 17,182 emergency hospital admissions for falls in Lancashire. This TIIG Lancashire report presents data and analyses relating to call outs and emergency hospital admissions for falls using North West Ambulance Service (NWAS) and Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data. Trends are presented in terms of demographics, call out locations, and patient geography; comparisons are also drawn between NWAS and HES data, particularly in terms of age standardised rates per 1,000 population for given geographical areas.
TIIG Lancashire – Location of Violent Incidents across Lancashire April 2013 to March 2016
Violence is a preventable public health problem and yet there are over one million violent incidents each year in England and Wales, approximately half of which involve alcohol and one quarter of which occur in night time economy environments. Between April 2013 and March 2016 there were 14,427 injury attendances to Lancashire Emergency Departments (EDs) by residents of Lancashire for injuries sustained from violence. This TIIG Lancashire report presents data and analyses relating to the locations of violence, specifically in terms of patient area of residence, as determined by Emergency Department (ED) data, and call out location, as determined by North West Ambulance Service (NWAS) data. Trends are also presented in terms of demographic compositions of assault attendances/call outs, deprivation and, in terms of ED data, incident location categories and attendance details. Analyses also compare ED data (patient geography) with NWAS data (location geography), particularly in terms of attendance/call out numbers and rates by Local/Unitary Authority areas and Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs).
Simon Russell's Papers
Simon Russell, Professor Karen Hughes, Professor Mark Bellis
BMJ Open, 2016.
Abstract: Objectives: To examine the relative contribution of childhood experience, measured by childhood violence and childhood happiness, and adult well-being on adult eating preferences and behaviours, independent of proximal factors such as current deprivation. Design: A cross-sectional, stratified, randomised sample survey using retrospective measures of childhood violence and happiness and self-reported measures of current well-being. Setting: The North West Region of England between September 2012 and March 2013. Participants: Individuals aged 18–95-year-olds from randomly selected households ( participation was successful for 90% of eligible households and 78% of the total visited addresses; n=11 243). Outcomes: Dichotomised measures for preference of healthy foods or ‘feel good’ foods and low or high daily fruit and vegetable consumption. Results: After correcting for demographics, combined categories for childhood experience and dichotomised measures of adult well-being were found to be significantly related to adult food preferences and eating behaviours. Participants with unhappy and violent childhoods compared to those with happy and non-violent childhoods had adjusted ORs (95% CI, significance) of 2.67 (2.15 to 3.06, p<0.001) of having low daily fruit and vegetable intake (two or less portions) and 1.53 (1.29 to 1.81, p<0.001) of choosing ‘feel good’ foods over foods which were good for their long term health. Conclusions: Daily intake of fruit and vegetables, linked to non-communicable diseases, and preference for ‘feel good’ foods, linked to obesity, are affected by childhood experience and adult well-being independent of demographic factors. Preventative interventions which support parent–child relationships and improve childhood experience are likely to reduce the development of poor dietary and other health-risk behaviours.
International Journal of Drug Policy. 1 (22), 82-86, 2011.